There was some error while submitting form. Please try again after sometime.
In this context, we also scrutinize the proposition that there is an evident trade-off between market failure s and corruption. On the contrary, anticipating one of the main conclusions of this book, we argue that corruption is one of the causes of the persistence of market failure s.
The abuse of power for private gains in the case of environmental policies is an egregious example of how public institutions fail in dealing with issues that cannot be solved solely by market mechanisms because of corruption. Finally, the chapter also contains a discussion of basic concepts used throughout the book and of issues related to the measurement of corruption. We survey and assess the empirical literature on the sources of corruption. Thanks to the improved availability of data, we are able to produce a comprehensive cross-country econometric model to test well-established and more recent hypotheses jointly.
We do not find that the common law system, or a past as a British colony predicts corruption. Our results support cultural theories on the causes of corruption, and suggest that a medium-long exposure to uninterrupted democracy is associated with lower corruption levels, while political turnover tends to raise corruption. The results also suggest that the diffusion of newspapers helps to lower corruption levels.
Home - Centre for Development and the Environment
Through growth regression analysis, we estimate the direct effect of corruption on economic growth and the indirect transmission channels, specifically, investments, trade policy , schooling , and political violence. We find that one-standard deviation increase in the corruption index is associated with a substantial decrease in economic growth.
The most important channels through which corruption effects economic growth are investment , followed by schooling and trade openness. Theoretical and empirical studies have shown that democracy and corruption influence environmental policies. In this chapter, we empirically analyse the relative importance of these determinants of environmental policy.
When these variables are jointly included as explanatory variables in a multiple regression analysis, we find that corruption stands out as a substantial and significant determinant of environmental policies, while proxies for democracy have an insignificant impact. Nevertheless, democracy could affect environmental policy stringency given that countries with a history of democratic rule tend to be less corrupt see Chap.
A discussion of our results in the context of the Environmental Kuznets Curve literature follows.
Corruption levels of countries and progress on ensuring environmental sustainability
Estimating the Worldwide Extent of Illegal Fishing. PloS ONE 4 2 : 1—8. K Journal of Socio-Economics 38 6 : — Auditor-General of South Africa. Becker, G Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach. Journal of Political Economy — Branch, G. M and Clark, B. M Marine Policy 30 1 : 3— Byrne, B , ; Qualitative Interviewing. In: Seale, C ed. Researching Society and Culture. London: Sage.
Carter, T. S Crime Law and Social Change 26 1 : 27— Cohen, D and Crabtree, B Maximum Variation Sampling. Cole, M. A Ecological Economics 62 3—4 : — Cunningham, S and Bodiguel, C ,. Review of the state of world marine capture fisheries management: Indian Ocean. Rome: FAO.
Subregional Review: Southwest Indian Ocean. Fisheries Technical Paper No. Damania, R , Fredriksson, P. G and List, J. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 46 3 : — G and Mani, M Public Choice — Esseks, J. D , Kraft, S. E and Furlong, E. Why Targets of Regulations do not Comply. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 52 4 : — Environmental Sustainability Index. New Haven: Yale. Ewers, R. M and Smith, R. Ecology and Society 12 1 : 1— Fishery and aquaculture country profiles: SouthAfrica. Ferreira, S Deforestation, Property Rights, and International Trade.
Land Economics 80 2 : — Fredriksson, P and Svensson, J Journal of Public Economics 87 8 : — Fredriksson, P. G , Vollenberg, H. J and Dijkgraaf, E Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 47 2 : — Gezelius, S. Human Ecology 32 5 : — Hatcher, A and Gordon, D K Fishing Quotas. Land Economics 81 1 : 71— Hauck, M Rethinking Small-scale Fisheries Compliance. Marine Policy — Hauck, M ,.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Hauck, M and Kroese, M Marine Policy 74— Hauck, M and Sowman, M Hauck, M and Hector, R ,. Occasional Paper Series.
South Africa: University of Cape Town. Jentoft, S Legitimacy and Disappointment in Fisheries Management. Keane, A , Jones, J. G , Jones, E. G and Milner-Gulland, E. Animal Conservation 11 2 : 75— Kleinschmidt, H ,. Resources Policy — Koyuncu, C and Yilmaz, R The Journal of Developing Areas 42 2 : — Kuperan, K.
V and Sutinen, J. G Law and Society Review 32 2 : — Kvale, S ,.
- Guide to Corporate Sustainability.
- 1. Introduction!
- Corruption, Development and the Environment;
- Fast, Fair & Green: highlights from New York?
- Join Kobo & start eReading today;
- Reward Yourself!
- Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy (Politics and Society in Twentieth Century America).
Leader-Williams, N , Baldus, R. D and Smith, R. M eds. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Levi, M ,. Of Rule and Revenue. Berkeley: University of California Press. Consent, Dissent and Patriotism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.